Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a serious metabolic disease that affects millions of people around the world. It is caused by the body’s inability to produce or effectively use insulin, a hormone that helps move sugar from the blood into cells for energy. In the United States alone, 9.4 percent of the population, or 30.3 million people, have diabetes. Of those, more than 1 in 4 are unaware they have the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes in adults, accounting for 90-95 percent of all cases. It is often associated with older age, as 1 in 4 people over the age of 65 have diabetes. However, it is becoming increasingly common in younger age groups due to rising rates of obesity and physical inactivity.
The symptoms of diabetes can vary from person to person, but some common signs include increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and blurred vision. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for a diagnosis.
It is important to remember that diabetes is a serious condition and should not be taken lightly. While there is no cure for diabetes, it can be managed with lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking medications as prescribed. With proper management, people with diabetes can lead healthy and active lives.