When it comes to tornadoes, the Enhanced Fujita Scale (EF Scale) is used to measure the intensity of a tornado. The EF Scale goes from 0 to 5, with 0 being a mild little breeze with winds topping at 136 km/h (85 mph). As the scale increases, so does the intensity of the tornado.
At EF-1, winds reach up to 177 km/h (110 mph) and can cause minor damage to trees and roofs. At EF-2, winds reach up to 253 km/h (157 mph) and can cause significant damage to homes and buildings. EF-3 tornadoes have winds up to 332 km/h (206 mph) and can cause severe damage to homes and buildings, including uprooting trees and overturning vehicles.
At EF-4, winds reach up to 417 km/h (259 mph) and can cause devastating damage, including tearing homes off their foundations. But if you see an EF-5 tornado coming your way, buckle up. These bad boys have winds over 480 km/h (300 mph), and can do some serious damage. You’ll know when you see it – EF-5 tornadoes can be up to 1.6 km (1 mile) wide with winds that can tear apart entire neighborhoods.
No matter the intensity of the tornado, it’s important to stay safe. Make sure you have a plan in place and know what to do if a tornado is headed your way. Stay informed and stay safe!