Common Mullein is a biennial plant, meaning it takes two years to complete its life cycle. During the first year, the plant will only produce a rosette of leaves close to the ground. During the second year, the plant will grow a tall stem with flowers and seed pods. The stem can reach up to six feet in height and is usually unbranched. The flowers are usually yellow in color and are arranged in a spike-like inflorescence. The flowers have five petals and are about an inch in diameter.
Common Mullein is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but it has been naturalized in many other parts of the world. It is often found in disturbed soils and along roadsides. It prefers sunny locations and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. It is often considered a weed, but it has many medicinal uses. The leaves and flowers of Common Mullein can be used to make teas and tinctures that can be used to treat respiratory ailments such as bronchitis, asthma, and coughs. The leaves can also be used to make poultices that can be applied to wounds and skin irritations.
Common Mullein is an easy plant to identify thanks to its unique features like a tall flower spike with intermittent flowers and large ovate leaves that alternate down the stem. It has many medicinal uses and can be found in many parts of the world. If you’re looking for a medicinal plant that is easy to identify, Common Mullein might be the perfect choice for you.